Bleeding controlled training
is of utmost important in the pediatric population. In those age one to 17, injury is the leading cause of mortality, and so understanding
how to control bleeding is of huge importance. A tourniquet is a device
that is used on an extremity and it provides a circumferential, a pressure around the extremity, that stops that blood flow and so blood can’t flow
through the extremity to the area that is bleeding. Tourniquets can only
be used on arms or legs and if there’s life
threatening bleeding there, putting the tourniquet
on and tightening it will put pressure on that extremity. For all other wounds
you use direct pressure, and that basically means taking your hand and available material. If you have gauze, great.
If you don’t, a t-shirt, a newspaper, a necktie, whatever you have you push that on the wound and then push as hard as you can on it. And so those are the two basic ways that you can apply pressure
for life threatening bleeding. Unfortunately accidents happen, and they happen around the home every day. Bleeding to death can occur within a couple of minutes
with a severe bleed. This can be before EMS providers arrive. Blood that is spurting from a wound, blood that is pooling on the ground, if the person is starting to
get faint or pale appearing, these are signs of life
threatening bleeding and this is when a
tourniquet should be applied. Everyone can learn how to use a tourniquet and they can be used to save a life.